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Professor Anusuya Chinsamy-Turan

Professor Anusuya Chinsamy-Turan

Palaeobiologist; Comparative bone & teeth histology of extant & extinct vertebrates 
Phone: Tel Ext no.: 021 650 3604 




Professor Anusuya Chinsamy-Turan is a palaeobiologist in the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Cape Town. She is a global expert on the microscopic structure of the bones of extinct and extant vertebrates. Her work has been recognized by several highly acclaimed awards: For example, in 1995 she received an NRF President Award, in 2005 she won the South African Woman of the Year Award, which acknowledges her contribution to science both in terms of research and science communication to the wider public. In 2005 she also won the "Distinguished Women Scientist Award" from the South African Department of Science and Technology, and in 2012 she was awarded the NRF Transformation Award. In 2013 she was awarded The World Academy of Science’s (TWAS), sub-saharan prize for the Popularisation of Science. Professor Chinsamy-Turan has published extensively - both in international scientific journals (including 4 publications in Nature and 1 in Nature Communications) as well as in the popular press. She is former President of the Association of South African Women in Science and Engineering (SA WISE), former Deputy President of the Academy of Science of South Africa, and she has also served as Director of Iziko Museums Natural History Collections (which includes the SA Museum). Prof. Chinsamy-Turan currently Chairs the Advisory Boards of Scifest Africa, the biggest science festival in Africa and she is a member of the Advisory Board the Cape Town Science Centre, and in addition she is Chair of the Romer-Simpson Prize Committee of the US-based Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology, and serves as a board member for the Jurassic Foundation (US). She is also a Fellow of the Royal Society of South African, the University of Cape Town and The Word Academy of Sciences. Her academic book, The Microstructure of Dinosaur Bone - Deciphering Biology Through Fine Scale Techniques was published by Johns Hopkins University Press, USA in 2005) and her popular level book for children entitled, "Famous Dinosaurs of Africa" was published by Struik, SA in 2008). Her latest academic book is entitled, "The Forerunners of Mammals: Radiation. Histology. Biology" (2012, Indiana University Press, USA), and her recent popular level book is “Fossils for Africa”, published in 2014 by Cambridge University Press.


Ph.D. University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, 1991

MSc. University of the Witwatersrand. Upgraded to PhD in 1988

University Higher Diploma in Education(U. H. D. E), University of Durban-Westville, Natal, South Africa, 1985

B.Sc. (Hon.) University of the Witwatersrand, 1984

B.Sc. University of the Witwatersrand, 1983


Professor and Head, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, 2013- 2015

Professor and Head, Department of Zoology, Univeristy of Cape Town, 2012.

Professor, Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town, 2004-current

Director of Natural History Collections Division, Iziko Museums of Cape Town, 2001-2002

Co-Acting CEO, Iziko Museums ofCape Town, September -October 2002

Associate Professor, Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, University of Cape Town, 1997-2001

Specialist Scientist, South African Museum, Cape Town, South Africa, secondment for 50% of time from UCT, 1997-2001

Specialist Scientist, South African Museum, Cape Town, South Africa 1994-1996

Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA 1992-1994

Lecturerv, Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. 1991-1992

Part-time Lecturer, Schemerenbeck Centre for Gifted Children, Johannesburg, 1991-1992

Junior Lecturer, Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. 1988-1990

Trainee Teacher, Burnwood Secondary School, Durban, Natal, 1985

Major Grants and Awards

The World Academy of Science (TWAS) and Region of Sub-Saharan Africa (ROSSA) Sub-Saharan Africa Prize for the Public Understanding and Popularisation of Science, 2013.

National Research Foundation (NRF) Transformation Award, 2012.

African Origns Programme, NRF, 2012

NRF Rating award, 2009, 2010

TUBITAK (Turkish Research Foundation) Visiting Scholar Award, July- December 2007, Turkey.

Fellow of the Royal Society of South Africa, 2007.

The Benjamin Meaker Fast Track Grant, University of Bristol, UK, 2006.

UCT Meritorious Publication Award in recognition of outstanding book publication, 2006.

South Africa's Woman of the Year, 2005 (In the Science and Technology category and Overall Winner, see

DST, Distinguished Woman Scientist Award, 2005.

Helen Kenyon Lecture Fund, Vassar College, USA, 2005.

NRF Research Grant for 5 years, 2005- 2009

SAASTA Award for SAWISE project "A Celebration of Women in Science and Engineering", 2005.

Dept, of Science and Technology, Women in Science Awards, Finalist, 2004.

SAASTA's Science Lens Competition, 2004.

National Science and Technology Forum (NSTF) Award for Outstanding Contribution to Science Engineering and Technology, 2003.

National Research Foundation (South Africa) – 2 grants.

RSA-Poland Collaboration Grant, 2003

RSA-German Collaboration Grant, 2002

NRF Research grant, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003

NSF Grant – National Science Foundation (USA), co-investigator, 1997-2000.

Royal Society of South Africa Gold Medal, 1997-1998 for research excellence.

Rockefeller Foundation Grant for SAWISE Travelling exhibit, 1997

DACTS Grant for SA WISE Travelling exhibit, 1998

NRF President's Award (SA) 1995 – 2000 for research excellence.

FRD Special Merit Award (SA ) 1995

National Science Foundation (USA) – Co-principal investigator. Research Grant 1995-1999.

Dinosaur Society (USA) - Research Grant 1995.

National Science Foundation (USA) - Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, 1992-1994.

University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa) - Travel grant to Europe, 1992.

Oxford University(England) - Travel grant to attend conference, 1991.

University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa) - Travel grant to Europe, 1991.

University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa) - Research grant, 1989.

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) (South Africa): research awards, 1984, 1986, and 1987.

Lystrosaurus shield for the best presentation, 1986. Palaeontological Society of S. A.


Authored four books:

(1) The Microstructure of Dinosaur Bone - Deciphering Biology Through Fine Scale Techniques (Johns Hopkins University Press,2005)










(2) Famous dinosaurs of Africa (STRUIK, 2008)










(3) Forerunners of Mammals -Radiation. Biology (Indiana University Press,2012)










(4) Fossils for Africa (Cambridge University Press, 2014)



Publications in peer-reviewed journals


Govender,R., Bisconti, M. and Chinsamy, A. 2016. A late Miocene–early Pliocene baleen whale assemblage from Langebaanweg, west coast of South Africa (Mammalia, Cetacea, Mysticeti). Alcheringa. DOI: 10.1080/03115518.2016.1159413.

Chinsamy, A., Cerda I., and J. Powell  2016. Vascularised endosteal bone tissue in armoured sauropod dinosaurs.  Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 24858 doi:10.1038/srep24858

Handley, W.D., A. Chinsamy, A., M. Yates, & T. H. Worthy. 2016. Sexual dimorphism in the late Miocene mihirung Dromornis stirtoni (Aves: Dromornithidae) from the Alcoota Local Fauna of Central Australia. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, e1180298, DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2016.1180298

Alam P, Amini, S., Tadayon, M., Miserez, A., and A. Chinsamy. 2016. Properties and architecture of the sperm whale skull amphitheatre.  Zoology (Jena). 119(1):42-51. doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2015.12.001.

Scarborough, M., Polomo, M., and A. Chinsamy. 2015. Insular adaptations in the astragalus-calcaneus of Sicilian and Maltese dwarf elephants. Quaternary Research

Otera, A., Krupandan, E., Pol, D., Chinsamy, A., and J. Choiniere. 2015. A new basal sauropodoform and the phylogenetic relationship of basal      sauropomorphs. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 164: 589–634.

Canoville, A., and A. Chinsamy. 2015. Bone Microstructure of the Stereospondyl Lydekkerina Huxleyi reveals adaptive strategies to the harsh post Permian-extinction environment: Bone microstructure of Lydekkerina huxleyi. Anatomical Record 298: 1237-1254.

Bekker, A., Cloete, T. J., Chinsamy-Turan, A. Nurick, G. N., S. Kok.  2015. Constant   strain rate compression of bovine cortical bone on the Split-Hopkinson Pressure Bar. Materials Science & Engineering: C. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2014.10.071

Han, G. Chiappe, L. M. Ji,S-A, Habib, M., Turner, A. H. Chinsamy, A., Liu, X, & L. Han.  A new raptorial dinosaur with exceptionally long feathering provides insights into dromaeosaurid flight performance. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5382.

Redelstorf, R., Hayashi, S., Rothschild, B. M. and A. Chinsamy 2014. Non-traumatic bone infection in stegosaurs from Como. Lethaia DOI: 10.1111/let.12086.

Cerda, A., Chinsamy, A. and D. Pol  2014. Unusual Endosteally Formed Bone Tissue in a Patagonian Basal Sauropodomorph Dinosaur. The Anatomical Record 297:1385–1391.

Chinsamy, A, Buffetaut, E, Angst, D., Canoville, A. 2014. Insight into the growth dynamics and systematic affinities of the Late Cretaceous Gargantuavis from bone microstructure. Naturwissenschaften 101:447-452.

IA Cerda, D Pol, A Chinsamy 2014  Osteohistological insight into the early stages of growth in Mussaurus patagonicus (Dinosauria, Sauropodomorpha) Historical Biology 26 (1), 110-121.

Canoville, A.  D.B. Thomas and A. Chinsamy  2014. Insights into the habitat of Middle Permian pareiasaurs (Parareptilia) from preliminary isotopic analyses. Lethaia DOI 10.1111/let.12056

Zhang, Z., Chiappe, L., Han,G. & A. Chinsamy 2013. A large bird from the Early Cretaceous of China: new information on the skull of enantiornithines. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33(5) 1176-1189

Redelsdorff, R. Hubner, T. R., Chinsamy, A., & P. M. Sander 2013. Bone Histology of the stegosaur Kentrosaurus aethiopus (Ornithischia: Thyreophora) from the Upper Jurassic of Tanzania. Anatomical Record.

Govender, R. & A. Chinsamy.  2013. Early Pliocene (5Ma) Shark-Cetacean trophic interaction from Langebaanweg, Western Coast of South Africa. PALAIOS 28:  270-277, doi:10.2110/palo.2012.p12-058r

Redelsdorff, R. Hubner, T. R., Chinsamy, A., & P. M. Sander 2013. Bone Histology of the stegosaur Kentrosaurus aethiopus (Ornithischia: Thyreophora) from the Upper Jurassic of Tanzania. Anatomical Record.>

Chinsamy, A., Chiappe, L.,  Marugán-Lobón, J., Chunling, G. and Fengjiao, Z. 2013. Gender Identification of the Mesozoic bird Confuciusornis sanctus. Nature Communications.  Doi: 10.1038/ncomms2377/

Thomas, D.B., Chinsamy, A., Conrad, N. J., & Kandel, A. W. 2012. Chemical investigation of mineralisation categories used to assess taphonomy. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 361-362: 104-110.

Chinsamy, A., Tunoglu, C. & Thomas, D. B. 2012. Dental microstructure and geochemistry of Mosasaurus hoffmanni (Squamata: Mosasauridae) from the Late Cretaceous of Turkey. Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, 183 (2): 85-92.

Nasterlack, T. Canoville, A. & A. Chinsamy. 2012. New insights into the biology of the Permian genus Cistecephalus(Therapsida, Dicynodontia).  Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology. 32(6): 1396-1410

Fordyce, N., Smith R., & A. Chinsamy. 2012.  Evidence of a therapsid scavenger in the Late Permian Karoo Basin, South Africa. South African Journal of Science.

Govender, R.; Chinsamy, A & Ackermann, R. R.  2012. Anatomical and landmark morphometric analysis of fossil phocid seal remains from Langebaanweg, West Coast of South Africa.  Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 67(3), >DOI: 10.1080/0035919X.2012.724471.

Jasinoski, S.C. and A. Chinsamy. 2012. Mandibular histology and growth of the non-mammaliaform cynodont Tritylodon. Journal of Anatomy, 220 (6): 564–579.

Gao, C., Chiappe, L. M., Zhang, F., Pomeroy, D. L., Shen, C., Chinsamy, A. & M. O. Walsh 2012.  A subadult specimen of the Early Cretaceous bird Sapeornis chaoyangensis and a taxonomic reassessment of sapeornithids. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 32:5: 1103-1112.

Chinsamy, A. Thomas, D. B., Tumarkin-Deratzian, A. & A. Fiorillo. 2012. Hadrosaurs were perennial polar residents. Anatomical Record, 295 (4): 551–714

Cerda, I. A. & A. Chinsamy.  2012. Biological Implications of the bone microstructure of the Late Cretaceous ornithopod dinosaur Gasparinisaura cincosaltensis. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology. 32(2):355-368.

Woodward, H. N., Rich, T. H., Chinsamy, A. & Vickers-Rich, P. 2011. Growth dynamics of Australia’s polar dinosaurs. Plos One (8): e23339. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0023339.

Thomas, D. B. &  A. Chinsamy 2011. Chemometric analysis of EDXRF measurements

from fossil bone. X-ray Spectrometry 40: 441–445.

Thomas, D. B., McGoverin, C. M., Chinsamy, A. & Manley, M. 2011. Near infrared analysis of fossil bone from the Western Cape of South Africa. Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy 19: 151-159.

Chinsamy-Turan, A. 2011. Tiarajudens: A significant mammal-like reptile.  South African Journal of Science 107 (5/6):11-12. Doi:10.4102/sajs.v107i5/6.717

Govender, R., Avery, G. & Chinsamy, A.  2011. Pathologies in the Early Pliocene phocid seals from Langebaanweg, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 107 (1/2):72-77. DOI:10.4102/sajs.v107i1/2.230.

Erismis, U.C., and A. Chinsamy.  2010. Ontogenetic changes in the epiphyseal cartilage of Rana (Pelophylax) caralitana (Anura: Ranidae). Anatomical Record 293:1825-1837.

Jasinoski, S.C., E.J. Rayfield, and A. Chinsamy. 2010a. Functional implications of dicynodont cranial suture morphology. Journal of Morphology 271:705-728.

Jasinoski, S.C., E.J. Rayfield, and A. Chinsamy. 2010b. Mechanics of the patent premaxilla-nasal suture in the snout of Lystrosaurus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30:1283-1288.

Jasinoski, S.C., Reddy, B.D., Louw, K.K.  &  Chinsamy, A. 2010. Mechanics of cranial sutures using the finite element method. Journal of Biomechanics 43:3104–3111

Chiappe, L., Marugan-Lobon, J. And A. Chinsamy. 2010. Palaeobiology of the Cretaceous bird Confuciusornis. Biology Letters doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2009.1057

Yates, A. M., Bonnan, M. F., Neveling, J., Chinsamy, A., and Blackbeard, M. G. 2010.  A new diverse sauropodomorph dinosaur fauna from South Africa sheds light on sauropod evolution and diversification. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 277: 787-794.

Chinsamy, A., Codorniu, L. and L. Chiappe. 2009  The Bone Microstructure of  Pterodaustro   guinazui. Anatomical Record 292: 1462-1477

Chinsamy, A., and Tumarkin-Deratzian, A.  2009. Pathological bone tissue in a turkey vulture and a nonavian dinosaur. Anatomical Record 292: 1478-1484

Jasinoski, S. Rayfield, E. and A. Chinsamy 2009. Comparative feeding biomechanics of Lystrosaurus and the generalized dicynodont Oudenodon. Anatomical Record 292:862-874.

Chinsamy, A. and F. Abdala. 2008. Paleobiological implications of the bone microstructure of South American traversodontids (Therapsids: Cynodontia). South African Journal of Science, 104: 225-230.

Chinsamy, A., Codorniu, L. and L. Chiappe.  2008.  Developmental Growth patterns of  the filter-feeder pterosaur, Pterodaustro guinazui. Biology Letters. 4:282-285.   Doi:10.1098/rsbl.2008.0004

Chinsamy, A. and N. Valenzuela. 2008 Skeletochronologyof the endangered side-neck turtle, Podocnemis expansa. South African Journal of Science, 104: 311-314.

Chinsamy, A. and E. Plaganyi 2007  Accepting Evolution.  Evolution, 62-1:248-254.

Chinsamy, A. and J. Hurum. 2006. Bone microstructure and growth patterns of Early mammals.  Acta Palaeontologia Polonica 51: 325-338.

Esler, KJ, Schackleton, L., Chinsamy-Turan, A. 2006. SAWISE and HERS SA- Raising the Profile of Women in Science. South African Journal of Science, 102: 7-87-8, 275-276

Botha, J., Lee-Thorpe, J. and A. Chinsamy.  2005.  The Palaeoecology of the non-mammalian cynodonts Diademodon and Cynognathus from the Karoo Basin of South Africa using stable light isotope analysis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 223: 303-316.

Curtin, A. J., Mouton, P. L. N. and A. Chinsamy. 2005. Bone Growth patterns in two cordylid lizards, Cordylus cataphractus and Pseudocordylus capensis. African Zoolopgy 40:1-7.

Ray, S., Chinsamy, A., and S. Bandyopathy. 2005 Lystrosaurus murrayi (Therapsida, Dicynodontia): Bone histology, growth and palaeoecological implications.  Palaeontology 48: 1169-1185.

Botha, J. and A. Chinsamy.  2005. Growth patterns of Thrinaxodon liorhinus, a non-mammalian cynodont from the Lower Triassic of South Africa. Palaeontology 48: 385-394.

Ponton, F., Elzanowski, A., Castanet, J., Chinsamy, A., de Margerie,  E. de Ricqles, A., and J. Cubo  2004.   Variation of the outer circumferential layer in the limb bones of birds. Acta Ornithologica 39: 137-140.

Ray, S., Botha, J. and A. Chinsamy.  2004.  Bone histology and growth patterns of some non mammalian therapsids.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24:  634-648.

Botha, J. and A. Chinsamy.  2004.  Growth and life habits of the Triassic non-mammalian cynodont Trirachodon inferred from bone histology.  Acta Palaeontologia Polonica 49: 619-627.

Ray, S. and A. Chinsamy. 2004  Diictodon feliceps (Therapsida, Dicynodontia): bone histology, growth and biomechanics. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24: 180-194.

Franz-Odendaal TA, Chinsamy A., and J. A. Lee-Thorp. 2004. High Prevalence of enamel hypoplasia in an Early Pliocene giraffid (Sivatherium hedeyi) from South Africa. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24: 235-244.

Ray, S. and Chinsamy, A. 2003. Functional aspects of the postcranial anatomy of the Permian dicynodont Diictodon and its ecological implications. Palaeontology, 46, 151-183.

Franz-Odendaal TA, Lee-Thorp JA, A. Chinsamy2003.  Insights from stable isotopes on enamel defects and weaning in Pliocene herbivores. Journal of Bioscience 28: 765-773.

Franz-Odendaal, T.A., Lee-Thorp J.A., and A. Chinsamy. 2002. New evidence for the lack of C4 grassland expansions during the Early Pliocene at Langebaanweg, South Africa.  Paleobiology, 28(3): 378-388.

Starck M. J. and  A. Chinsamy . 2002.  Bone Microstructure and Developmental Plasticity in birds and other dinosaurs. Journal of Morphology, 254:232-246.

Ray, S. and Chinsamy, A.  2002.  A theropod tooth from the Late Triassic of Southern Africa.  Journal of  Bioscience, 27(3):295-298.

Chinsamy, A.  2001.  Growth patterns of dinosaurs. Journal of Morphology, 248(3): 216.

Chinsamy, A.  and A. Elzanowski.  2001.  Evolution of Growth patterns in birds. Nature, 412: 402-403.

Botha, J.  and A. Chinsamy, 2000.  Growth patterns deduced from the bone histology of the Cynodonts Diademodon and Cynognathus. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 20(4):705-711.

De Klerk, W. J., Forster, C. A., Sampson. S. D. & Chinsamy, A. 2000 A new coelurosaurian dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of South Africa. Journal of Verterbrate Palaeontology 20:324-332.

Chiappe, L. M., Coria, R. A., Dingus, L., Jackson, F., Chinsamy-Turan, A. and Fox, M. 1998.  Sauropod Dinosaur Embryos from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia. Nature 396:258-261.

Constantine, A., Chinsamy, A., Vickers-Rich, P., Rich, T. 1998. Periglacial environments and polar dinosaurs. South African Journal of Science, 94: 137-141.

Constantine, A., Chinsamy, A., Vickers-Rich, P., Rich, T. Gregory, R. T. and Johnson, K.  1998.  Permafrost and polar dinosaurs. South African Journal of Science, 94:1-5.

Chinsamy, A., Rich, T. and Vickers-Rich, P. 1998.  Polar dinosaur bone histology. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.18(2):385-390.

Chinsamy, A., Martin, L. D. and P. Dodson.  1998.  Bone microstructure of the diving Hesperornis and the volant Ichthyornis from the Niobrara Chalk of western Kansas.  Cretaceous Research, 19: 1-9.

Chinsamy, A. and Barrett, P. 1997.  Sex and old bones. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 17(2):450.

Chinsamy, A., February, E., Harley, E., Rich, T. and Vickers-Rich, P. 1997. Wood within a polar dinosaur bone. South African Journal of Science, 93.

Chiappe L. M. and Chinsamy, A.  1996.  Pterodaustro’s true teeth. Nature 379:211-212.

Chinsamy, A. 1995. Ontogenetic changes in the bone histology of the Late Jurassic ornithopod Dryosaurus lettowvorbecki. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 15(3): 96-104.                                                                

Chinsamy, A.  1995.  Dinosaur bone histology. Natural History, 6:62-63.

Chinsamy, A. & P. Dodson.  1995 Inside a dinosaur bone. American Scientist 83:174-180.

Chinsamy, A., Chiappe, L. & P. Dodson 1995. The bone microstructure of Patagopteryx and Enantiornithines. Paleobiology  21:561-574.                    

Chinsamy, A., Hanrahan, S. A., Neto, R. M. & M. Seeley. 1995. A skeletochronological assessment of age in Angolosaurus skoogi, a lizard living in an aseasonal environment. Journal of Herpetology 29(3):457-460.          

Farlow, J., P. Dodson, A. Chinsamy. 1995.  Dinosaur paleobiology. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 26:445-471.

Chinsamy, A. 1995. Dinosaur Bone Histology. Natural History, 6: 62-63.

Chinsamy, A., Chiappe, L., & Dodson, P. 1994. Growth rings in Mesozoic avian bones: Physiological implications for basal birds.  Nature 368: 196-197.      

Chinsamy, A. (1993a).  Image analysis and the physiological implications of the vascularization of femora in Archosaurs. Modern Geology  19 (1): 101-108.   

Chinsamy, A. and Rubidge, B (1993b).  Dicynodont (Therapsida) bone histology: phylogenetic and physiological implications. Palaeontologia africana 30:97-106.                   

Chinsamy A. (1993c).  Bone histology and growth trajectory of the prosauro­pod dinosaur Massospondylus carinatus Owen. Modern Geology 18:319-329.                 

Chinsamy, A and Raath, M. A. (1992a). Preparation of fossil bone for histological examination. Palaeontologia africana 29: 39-44.

Chinsamy, A. (1992b). The bone histology of Dryosaurus lettowvorbecki. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 13(3):29A.

Chinsamy, A. (1990).  Physiological implications of the bone histology of Syntarsus rhodesiensis (Saurischia: Theropoda). Palaeontologica africana 27: 77-82.

Botha-Brink, J., Abdala, F.  &  A. Chinsamy-Turan.  2012. The Radiation and Osteohistology of Nonmammaliaform Cynodonts.  In: Forerunners of Mammals: Radiation, Histology, Biology, Chinsamy-Turan, A. (Ed.), 223-246.  Indiana University Press, Bloomington, USA.   ISBN 978-0-253-35697-0

Chapters in books

Jasinoski, S. C., M. A. Cluver, A. Chinsamy, and B. D. Reddy. 2014. Anatomical plasticity in the snout of Lystrosaurus. In: C.F. Kammerer, k.D. Angielczyk, and J. Frobisch (Ed). Early Evolutionary History of the Synapsida, Vertebrate paleobiology and palaeoanthropology, DOI:10.1007/978-94-007-6841-3_8, Springer Science +Business Media Dordrecht.

Chinsamy-Turan, A. 2012. The Microstructure of Bones and Teeth of Nonmammalian Therapsids.  In: Forerunners of Mammals: Radiation, Histology, Biology,Chinsamy-Turan, A. (Ed.), 65-88. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, USA.   ISBN 978-0-253-35697-0

Chinsamy-Turan, A. and S. Ray  2012. Bone Histology of the Some Therocephalians and Gorgonopsians and evidence of bone degradation by fungi. In: Forerunners of Mammals:Radiation, Histology, Biology, Chinsamy-Turan, A. (Ed.), 199-221. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, USA.   ISBN 978-0-253-35697-0

Jasinoski, S.C., and A. Chinsamy-Turan. 2012. Biological Inferences of the Cranial Microstructure of the Dicynodonts Oudenodon and Lystrosaurus.  In: Forerunners of Mammals: Radiation, Histology, Biology,Chinsamy-Turan, A. (Ed.),149-176.  Indiana University Press, Bloomington, USA.   ISBN 978-0-253-35697-0

Hurum, J. and A. Chinsamy-Turan. 2012. The Radiation, Bone Histology and Biology of Early Mammals.  .In: Forerunners of Mammals: Radiation, Histology, Biology, Chinsamy-Turan.(Ed.), 249- 270. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, USA.ISBN 978-0-253-35697-0

Chinsamy-Turan, Anusuya (April 2011) Dinosaur Growth: Egg to Adult. In: ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE SCIENCES 2011, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester [DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0003319.pub2

Ray S., Botha-Brink, J., and A. Chinsamy-Turan. 2012. Dicynodont Growth Dynamics and Lifestyle Adaptations. In: Forerunners of Mammals: Radiation, Histology, Biology, Chinsamy-Turan, A. (Ed.), 121-146. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, USA.   ISBN 978-0-253-35697-0

Chinsamy, A. and W. Hillenius.  2004. Dinosaur Physiology. Pp.643-659.  In: The Dinosauria. 2nd Edition.  Eds. Weishampel, D. Dodson, P. and H. Osmolska.University ofCalifornia Press,Berkley.

Chinsamy, A.  2002. Bone microstructure of early birds. pp. 421-431 In Mesozoic Birds: Above the Heads of Dinosaurs ed. L. M. Chiappe, L. M. Witmer. Berkeley:UniversityofCaliforniaPress.

Chinsamy-Turan, A.  2001  Dinosaur growth - Egg to Adult .In: Nature Encyclopaedia of Life Sciences.London: Nature Publishing group. http//

Rich, T., Vickers-Rich, P, Chinsamy, A, Constantine, A. and T. Flannery 

Polar. 2000. Australia’ Polar dinosaurs. In: Paul, G. (ed). Scientific American Book of Dinosaurs, pp. 323-330.

Chinsamy, A. 1999 Growth in the fossil record. In: Singer, R. and Diamond, M. K.  (eds.) Encyclopedia of Palaeontology. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.

Almond, J., Anderson, J., Booth, P., Chinsamy-Turan, A., Cole, D., De Wit, M., Rubidge, B., Smith, R. & Van Bever Donker, J. 1998.  Special Abstracts Issue Gondwana 10: Event Stratigraphy of Gondwana.  Journal of African Earth Sciences, 27.  Galliard Printers Ltd, GreatYarmouth. Pp 230.

Chinsamy, A. 1998.  Dinosaur collections in South African Museum.  Pg. 677.  In: Currie, P. & Padian, K. (eds.)  Encyclopaedia of Dinosaurs, Academic Press,New York.

Chinsamy, A.  1998. Dinosaur collections in the Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research.  Pg. 50. In:  Currie, P. & Padian, K. (eds.)  Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs, Academic Press,New York.

Chinsamy, A.  1998. Dinosaur collections in the NationalMuseum, Bloemfontein.  Pg. 469. In:  Currie, P. & Padian, K. (eds.)  Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs, Academic Press,New York.

Chinsamy, A.  (1995). Bone histology and growth trajectory of the prosauropod dinosaur Massospondylus carinatus Owen. Pages 329-341. In: Sarjeant, W.  A. S.  (Ed.) Vertebrate Fossils and the evolution of scientific concepts.  Gordon and Breach Publishers,Australia.

Chinsamy, A. 1995.  Dinosaur Bone Histology.  In: McGraw-Hill Encyclopaedia of Science and Technology.McGraw-Hill,New York.

Chinsamy, A. (1991a). The osteohistology of femoral growth within a clade: A comparison of the crocodile Crocodylus niloticus, the dinosaurs, Massospondylus and Syntarsus, and the birds Struthio and Sagittarius.  PhD. Thesis. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.

Chinsamy, A. (1988). Comparative histology of limb-bone ontogeny in a crocodilian, a theropod dinosaur and a bird.  MSc. Thesis. University of the Witwatersrand.

Popular articles and other outputs

Chinsamy, A.   2008. Were Dinosaurs Warm.  In: Seventy Greatest Mysteries of the Natural World.  MK Benton (editor), Thompson, UK. ISBN 978-0-500-25143-0.

Chinsamy-Turan, A.  2008.  Dinosaurs from Inside out: What the bones can tell us. In: Dinosaurs. Holtz, T. R.,  Random House, New York.

Chinsamy-Turan, A. 2007.  Fostering a Scientific Culture in Society.  pp.189- 191. In: The Face of the Spirit- Illuminating a century of essays by South African Women.  Ed. Beulah Thumbadoo. ISBN 978-0-620-37974-8

Chinsamy-Turan, A. 2006. All that I am. Pp-13-14.  In: All that I am.  Eds. Haidarian, LT and Plaatjie, MS. Spearhead, Claremont. ISBN -10:0-86486-589-9; ISBN-13:978-0-86486-589-2

Chinsamy-Turan, A.  2006. Palaeobiologist, palaeontologist. Pag 88-89.  In: Life and Soul- Portraits of Women who move South Africa. Ed. Karina Turok. Double Storey Books, Cape Town.ISBN: 10: 1-77013-043-2; ISBN-13: 978-1-77013-043-2.

Chinsamy-Turan, A. 2005 Early Birds. Quest 2 (1) 26-29.

Chinsamy-Turan, A.  2004. Famous South African Dinosaurs. Envirokids 25 (4):6-7.

Chinsamy A., Bruton, M., Mahapa, S., Reid, G and Stavaloz, W.  2004. Creating a Comprehensive Institutional Platform for Science Advancement and Awareness. Report for SAASTA, NRF.

Chinsamy, A. 2003. Engaging with Science. In: L. Wilson (ed) Lexicons and Labyrinths. HSRC.

Chinsamy, A. 2002. Report on the NRF’s Science and Sustainability Symposium” “Sitting ducks or charging bulls” Held at Iziko Museums ofCape Town,South Africa. World Summit on Sustainable Development, 2002.

Chinsamy, A. Science and Society, UCT Graduation address, December 2002.

Chinsamy, A. 2001. Natural History Collections. Events @ SAM.

Chinsamy, A.  2000. My Impression of the Dinosaur Gallery of theNationalScienceMuseumTokyo, Newsletter.

Chinsamy, A. 2000. Growth Strategies of Dinosaurs in Dino Press, Japan.

Chinsamy, A. 1999 Growth in the fossil record. In: Singer, R. and Diamond, M. K.  (eds.) Encyclopedia of Palaeontology. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.

Chinsamy, A. 1997. Bone Histology of Dinosaurs. Dinosaur Report, Dinosaur Society.

Chinsamy, A. 1996.  A very old, new dinosaur. Out There Magazine 10:129-130.

Chinsamy, A.  1996. Paleontology. Educational Supplement of Sowetan (May).

Chinsamy, A. 1995. Dinosaurs at the SA Museum.  Muse News  9(10): 1.